Best practices for IMM for impact investors include:

  • Align indicators with globally accepted standards, such as the GIIN or the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI).  
  • Adapt indicators and measurement practices as necessary. Many impact investors feel “stuck” because existing standards do not perfectly fit their measurement needs – adaptation and customization is acceptable in order to produce usable data.  
  • Consider the data burden on investees. Within an investment portfolio, earlier-stage businesses likely have limited capacity for IMM, both from a financial and human resource perspective. In this case, it is best to limit the number of indicators and ensure quality measurement over the quantity of indicators reported. If more in-depth evaluation or measurement is required, investors should cover these additional costs.
  • Promote IMM best practices within a portfolio. Impact investors can help companies integrate IMM into their operations as their businesses grow. Consider paying for IMM consultants, training, or data management platforms for portfolio companies as a form of technical assistance.
  • Choose sector-specific KPIs. Impact investors working in multiple sectors should try to select 2-3 indicators that can be applied across investments in individual sectors. For example, summary indicators for an environmental investment portfolio can be greenhouse gas mitigation, amount of waste redirected from landfills, and number of farmer beneficiaries. Health summary indicators can include number of beneficiaries reached, amount of vaccines distributed, or patient outcomes.

Resources about IMM for impact investors